“We know the poison from the radioactive dump will go down under the ground and leak into the water. We drink from this water. The animals drink from this water. We’re worried that the animals will become poisoned, and we’ll become poisoned in our turn,” explained the Kungka Tjuta’s Declaration of Opposition.
The Kungka Tjuta elders saw the effects of nuclear waste firsthand. Between 1953 and 1963, the British military conducted 12 full-scale nuclear weapons tests in the South Australian desert. The government told Aboriginal communities that this testing was completely safe. There are even tragic accounts of Aboriginal families innocently sleeping in highly toxic bomb craters. Without knowing the true dangers, communities were caught in the nuclear fallout. Brown vividly recalls the day a black radioactive mist filled the desert skies: “The smoke caught us. We tried opening our eyes in the morning, but we couldn’t open them. Our eyes were sore, red and shut.” Many got violently sick with radiation poisoning; others went blind; many developed cancer and quickly died. Kangaroo, emu and echidna (porcupine) in the area, an important food source for Aboriginal communities, were also poisoned. Brown’s nephew was one of those who lost his sight as a child. Birth defects, cancer, and asthma are now alarmingly common among Aboriginal communities.
More than 50 years after the first nuclear bomb detonation in the South Australian desert, Aboriginal communities found themselves in another fight for their lives. Not willing to endure further degradation of their land and a new round of health threats, Brown, Wingfield, and the Kungka Tjuta led the campaign to stop the waste dump.
Working tirelessly, despite their age and failing health, Brown and Wingfield brought the Aboriginal peoples’ fight against the proposed nuclear dump to the world stage. They traveled 3,000 kilometers—a three-day bus trip—to protest the dump. They wrote government officials, visited Parliament House, brought their message to the Olympic games in Sydney, and partnered with the environmental community in Australia’s urban centers to organize the successful online IratiWanti.org campaign. Eighty-seven percent of South Australians polled opposed construction of the radioactive waste dump at that time.
Despite the opposition, the Australian government plowed ahead with their plans to build the dump. It planned to spend over a quarter million dollars on a “re-education” public relations campaign to address the concerns of South Australians and sway state public opinion. With all government assessments for the radioactive waste dump complete, the Australian government has given clear indication that it will attempt to override South Australia’s state laws and continue the shameful legacy of poisoning Aboriginal land and people.
Brown, Wingfield, and the Kungka Tjuta elders have their own legacy to fulfill. They will continue to fight for a healthy environment and pass on vital cultural and environmental lessons learned from their grandmothers.
“We’re worrying for the country and we’re worrying for our kids,” wrote the Kungka Tjuta in a letter of opposition to the dump site. “We say NO radioactive waste dump in our ngura in our country. Don’t waste our country. Don’t waste our future.”